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Law of Definite Proportions (or Constant Composition)

 

The law of definite proportions, also known as the law of constant composition states that all pure samples of the same chemical compound contain the same elements combined in the same proportions by mass.

What this law emphasizes is that, if pure samples of the same chemical substance, wherever they may be found, are analyzed, it will be found that they all consist of the same elements, as well as having these elements combine in the same proportions by mass.

For examples, pure sample of copper(II) oxide is composed of copper and oxygen, in the proportion of 1:1 by mole, or 64 g of copper to 16 g of oxygen or 1 g of copper to 0.25 g of oxygen.

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