Free Practice Tests
What is Neutralization Reaction?
Neutralization reaction is the reaction between
the H+ ion of an acid and the OH-
ion of a base to form non-ionizable
H+(aq) + OH-(aq) → H2O(l)
H3O+(aq) + OH-(aq)
Note: in neutralization reaction, the
negative ions of the acids and the
positive metallic ions of the bases do
not take part in the reaction process - they are regarded as spectator ions - they are left in the solution to form salts, while non-ionizable water molecules are formed.
Example, H+Cl-(aq) + Na+OH-(aq)
→ Na+Cl-(aq) + H2O(l)
Hence, the essential reaction in neutralization reaction is that between hydrogen ions, H+ or hydronium ions, H3O+ and hydroxide ions, OH-. The heats of neutralization for a number of neutralization reactions also corroborate this fact.
This Post? Please Share!!